Town: Schnaittach, Bavaria

Jewish Communal Register from late 18th to early 19th century
(translated in 1994)

The document was apparently written by people who did not have a firm
command of Hebrew.  They made grammatical mistakes (marked with an
exclamation point in the text) as well as inserted German words in
places.  The footnotes have been valuable in helping understand the
text.  I insert footnote comments into the text in parentheses.

Where I couldn't decipher something, I listed it as ???.  Here's the
translation of the section you marked.  I'll update you if I ever learn
more about the untranslated acronyms.

- eldad

Table of Contents

Foreword				xi
Symbols and Abbreviations		xiii

Story of the Community of Schnaittach

Chapter 1: The vicinity of Schnaittach - general background	3
Chapter 2: The story of the community - 			6
    History of the community					6
    Relations with the environs					11
Chapter 3: The state of ???		  			15
Chapter 4: Rabbis of the community				23
    List of Rabbis of Schnaittach				23
    The Rabbi and his status					24
    The Rabbis 							29
    Spiritual Leaders						41
Chapter 5: Representatives of the community			44
    Operations of Elections					44
    The Elections						44
    The Representatives						45
    Presidents of the Community					48
    Leaders of the Community					49
    Meetings of the Community Council				49
    Dues Collectors						51
    Secretaries of Land						54
    Secretaries of Charity					55
    Secretaries for the Land of Israel				56
Chapter 6: Communal Institutions				56
    Synagogue							59
    Teachers [in Heder -trans.]					60
    Yeshiva							61
    Cemetery							62
Chapter 7: Taxes						64
Chapter 8: Economic Situation					70
Chapter 9: Social Structure of the Community			76
Afterword							80

Communal Register of Schnaittach

Introduction							91
    Scope of the register					91
    Order of the records					92
    Fragmentary records						94
    Language							94
    Period covered by the records				96
Text of the Register						97


[96 page 1] With the Lord's help, Schnaittach, from the luminous Sabbath to
the first day of Hol HaMo'ed Sukkot 5571 (fn. 166, October 15, 1810).

(new paragraph) True delight to record and seal the appointment of the
heads of the "thousands" of Israel in our community, may it live and be
well, by the opinion of the majority, the selection of Rabbi and
President of the Rabbinical court, may the Lord preserve him, and with
him 6 colleagues elected from the community, may it live and be well, as
accustomed by lot.

And here are the men that were selected each for his assignment and his
term, from now until the next term.

Is he not scholarly, the honored rabbi, Leib, son of the holy and
honored rabbi Simeon of blessed memory ???  buried here(!)(fn.  167
clarifies Hebrew grammar), as President and sole leader.

Is he not precious, the honorable Mordecai son of Abraham Kohen (fn.
168 his only appointment in the community), and, is he not precious, the
honorable, Joseph son of Zusman Kohen (fn.  169 his first appointment in
the community), before a large crowd.

Is he not the honored rabbi, Rabbi Zusman, son of Mr.  Floss (fn.  170
his only appointment in the community), and, is he not the honored
rabbi, Isaac son of the renowned scholar, Rabbi Laemel Baer Kohen (fn.
171 his only communal appointment, listed as dues collector in 1810)
collectors for our community and the state.

(new paragraph) President and leader (of the community), Rabbi Leib (fn.
172 clarifies abbrev.)  with 4 other leaders (fn.  173 clarifies
abbrev.)  of the community previously mentioned went to Landgericht (fn.
174 notes that this is the district court) in Plecht-Varden as appointed. 

And the President and leader (of the community) and the leaders mentioned
above used their strength and energy to follow their assigned duties, as
always, as is written (!) in the by-laws of the community, may it live and
be well.

And now they are diligently occupied in duties of the communal trustees,
and their salary is from the one who created them with great blessing
for all their many deeds, and all members of our community sat in
security, calmness, peace and joy.

(new paragraph) the same evening.

(new paragraph) The holy Meir son of President Huna, mouth of our community
and the state, and the holy community of Salzbuch may the Lord found it

Assessment records of Schnaittach, Germany.  These included raw
valuation of cash, property, goods, 3 months of firewood and jewelry.

Lists showing dates of assessment and valuation:

May 15, 1769	The rabbi Mr. Laemel Baer Katz (his name appears in the
					list but no amount is given) (p 109)

Dec 31, 1775	ditto 			650 gold pieces (p 118)
Apr 4, 1782	ditto 			650 gold pieces (p 121)
Apr 7, 1790	ditto 			600 gold pieces (p 126)
Apr 20, 1794	ditto 			750 gold pieces (p 295)
Apr 3, 1796	ditto 			450 gold pieces (p 300)
Oct 27, 1801	ditto 			1000 gold pieces (p 303)
Oct 26, 1804	ditto 			1000 gold pieces (p 307)


Summary of text on pp 112 - 114

A community meeting was held on Sunday, Nov 1, 1772 regarding
reorganizing the community leadership to have 11 officials:
	4 administrative chiefs
	2 tax collectors
	3 land tax collectors
This was a hotly contested issue among the community. Among the leaders
encouraging this change was Laemel Baer (note 136). This proposal was
not carried.

Translation of footnote 136:

Very likely this refers to Laemel Baer Katz, who is listed as one of the
exceptional leaders of the community. He is mentioned in property
assessment records in 1769 (p 109) to 1807 (p 310). In 1804 he signed an
invoice in the assessment records. Oddly he is never listed in the
records as serving in an official capacity. The last mention of him was
in 1823 in connection with selling seats in the synagogue.

Make your own free website on